brain-injury

TBI has been getting more press lately and that is a good thing. For a long time we believed that brain damage or injuries were permanent, and some in medical circles still believe this. Fortunately, many do not. Research on the power of neuroplasticity, made popular by the rock star of neuroscience Norman Doidge, has shown us that just as brain cells can move toward imbalance, they can also move toward balance. In other words, nothing is fixed. And those with brain injuries who appear to be operating with a deficit, or unable to communicate, may have much more going on than we had previously realized.

 

Working with those to help the brain recover is hard work but we are up to the task. Everything from physical exercise to playing chess to reading can help, but for recovery to be most effective we need to know when to push and when to pull back and rest. We can help you to find that balance.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury?

Internal injury caused by a high-pressure blow, forceful bump, or jolt to the body or head is known as Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). It can also pertain to invasive injury caused by an object that enters the brain by piercing the skull. 

Certain types of TBI can lead to temporary or short-term issues with normal brain function, such as impaired thinking, understanding, movement, communication, and behavior. Serious TBI may cause severe and lifelong impairment, as well as death.

The effects of certain injuries are felt right away since they are primary injuries. Possible subsequent effects of traumatic brain injury include a slow onset that may take hours, days, or even weeks to materialize. This subsequent brain damage develops as a consequence of the body’s defensive mechanisms after the first blow to the head.

To further break it down:

  • Minor head injuries, such as hitting the head on a car door or low doorway, often result in brief periods of unconsciousness or dizziness.
  • Moderate head injuries involve loss of consciousness for 15 minutes to 6 hours or post-traumatic amnesia up to 24 hours. Patients may be observed in the hospital overnight and discharged if no further medical issues are apparent.
  • Severe head injuries entail unconsciousness for six hours or more or post-traumatic amnesia exceeding 24 hours. Hospitalization and rehabilitation are typically necessary, and patients may experience more serious physical deficits depending on the duration of the coma.

Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury

The human head consists of more blood vessels than any other part of your body, therefore after being subjected to serious head injury either on the surface of your brain or within your brain it can be a matter of great concern. That said, not all head injuries cause bleeding and therefore sometimes go undiagnosed or taken as a mere concussion.

It’s important to be aware of other symptoms to look out for. Many indications of a major brain damage may not present immediately. You should carefully check your symptoms for many days following a head injury.

Common symptoms of a minor head injury include:

  • A persistent headache
  • A sensation of head spinning
  • A sensation of lightheadedness
  • Mild confusion
  • Mild to severe nausea
  • A ringing noise in the ears

 

Many of the symptoms of a severe head injury are similar to those of a moderate head injury. They might also include:

  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • memory loss
  • Changes in mood
  • Severe disorientation
  • Complete loss of consciousness
  • Inability to maintain balance or coordination
  • An inability to focus the eyes
  • Uncoordinated eye movements
  • Complete loss of muscle control
  • Persistent or worsening headache

Types of Home Health Care for Traumatic Brain Injury

When patients’ needs and capacities evolve over time, so must their head injury treatment at home. To help with day-to-day tasks, patients may initially need greater physical and occupational treatment. To address any remaining problems, they could proceed to visual or vestibular treatment, among other options for caring for TBI patients at home

  • Intermediate Care: Those who do not need long-term traumatic brain injury assistance but do need nursing care for a short time, such as after a non-life-changing brain damage, might get complex care. With an emphasis on rehabilitation and recovering as much independence as possible, this form of care is aimed to facilitate the transition from the hospital back into the individual’s home setting.
  • Long-Term Care: Bringing and caring for TBI patients at home after a serious brain injury can be a daunting task, and it mustn’t be rushed into before you or your family are ready. A specialist carer can be so helpful during this time, as everyone involved is given time to adjust to the new needs of the individual.

 

Traumatic brain injury assistance translates into the following types:

  • Activities of Daily Living (ADLs): The use of safety transfers and lifts, if necessary, to aid with bathing, dressing, grooming, and toileting.
  • Meal Preparation and Monitoring: Nutritional counseling and meal planning services to help patients meet their health and wellness goals.
  • Respite Care: Support and respite for family caregivers on an ongoing basis.
  • Guided Exercise: To maximize the efficacy of home rehabilitation, it is best to collaborate with a qualified physical or occupational therapist.
  • Scheduled Nursing Visits: Comprehensive Care, involving evaluations, records, and assistance with ADLs (Activities of Daily Living), as well as collaboration with other important providers
  • Nursing Team: As required, licensed healthcare professionals visit patients in the comfort of their own homes to assist with medication management, educate patients about their prescriptions, treat wounds, and administer infusions.

Benefits of Caring for TBI Patients at Home

  1. Round-the-clock Care

    With home care, a skilled caregiver remains in your house and is available to monitor and support you at all times. This ensures that your family member will never be left alone and will always get the individualized care they need.

  2. Regaining Independence

    After suffering a brain injury, the primary objective of home care is to assist the patient in regaining as much independence as possible. The majority of caregivers make an effort to cater their services to the unique requirements of each client.

  3. Flexibility

    Your loved one will still be able to go about their day as they want thanks to the individualized help they get.

  4. A Safe Environment

    When providing assisted living for TBI patients, home care companions are instructed to put the client’s safety and happiness first. In the event of a medical emergency, live-in care also guarantees prompt attention. 

  5. Social Support

    For anybody coping with life after a brain injury, having social support from loved ones is crucial. Caregivers who come to the patient’s home are there to provide emotional support and build connections that will last a lifetime, which is especially helpful at times of change.

  6. Familiarity

    Both the client and the caregiver benefit from having the same caregiver there day in and day out. Because of this regularity, patients are able to develop trusting ties with their caregivers and form lasting relationships with them.


Finding the Right Home Health Care Provider for Traumatic Brain Injury

Boynton Beach Home Care has trained professionals available to meet the unique requirements of each client, whether that’s through daily visits or live-in care.

The assistance provided by our team of care assistants, who are experts in caring for TBI patients at home, is essential. Home care and day nursing professionals with years of expertise can help with difficult behaviors typically brought on by brain injuries, which can have a profound effect on a person’s emotions, behavior, and perception of the world. 

We do this by maintaining open lines of communication between all parties involved in head injury treatment at home, carefully matching customers with the most qualified personal assistants, and supervising our helpers continuously.

Many people who have suffered brain injuries have been able to return to brain injury care homes Boynton Beach and then to their families and resume independent lives with the help of our trained caregivers.

If you would like to speak with an expert about brain injuries or have any inquiries about caring for TBI patients at home, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

FAQs

How to help TBI patients at home?

When caring for TBI patients at home, creating a safe environment is paramount. This involves removing potential hazards and ensuring clear pathways to prevent accidents. Additionally, offering assistance with daily activities such as bathing, dressing, and meal preparation can significantly support their recovery process. 

What is the best treatment for traumatic brain injury?

The best head injury treatment at home depends on the severity of the injury. In general, treatment may include a combination of rest, medication to manage symptoms like pain or agitation, physical therapy to improve motor skills, occupational therapy to regain daily living skills, speech therapy to address communication difficulties, and cognitive rehabilitation to enhance cognitive function. 

Can people with TBI live alone?

Whether individuals with TBI can live alone largely depends on the severity of their injury and their ability to manage daily tasks independently. While some with mild to moderate TBI may be capable of living alone with support from family, friends, or caregivers, those with more severe injuries may require ongoing assisted living for TBI patients and supervision to ensure their safety and well-being. 

How do you handle a family member with TBI?

Handling a family member with TBI requires patience, understanding, and open communication. Educating yourself about TBI and its effects can provide valuable insight into their challenges and needs. Being patient with any changes in behavior or mood, and offering unwavering support, can help them feel understood and valued.

What to avoid after traumatic brain injury?

After a traumatic brain injury, it’s essential to avoid certain activities or behaviors that could exacerbate symptoms or hinder recovery. These may include strenuous physical activities or sports that pose a risk of further head injury, excessive alcohol consumption, and ignoring signs of discomfort or worsening symptoms.